Auto-regressive model

In statistics, econometrics, and signal processing, an autoregressive (ARmodel is a representation of a type of random process; as such, it is used to describe certain time-varying processes in nature, economics, behavior, etc. The autoregressive model specifies that the output variable depends linearly on its own previous values and on a stochastic term (an imperfectly predictable term); thus the model is in the form of a stochastic difference equation (or recurrence relation) which should not be confused with a differential equation. Together with the moving-average (MA) model, it is a special case and key component of the more general autoregressive–moving-average (ARMA) and autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models of time series, which have a more complicated stochastic structure; it is also a special case of the vector autoregressive model (VAR), which consists of a system of more than one interlocking stochastic difference equation in more than one evolving random variable [wikipedia].

The autoregressive model assumes that the past value affects the current values. For instance, investors using autoregressive models for stock price forecasts should assume that recent market transactions will influence new purchasers’ and sellers’ decisions when making and accepting offers for security.